Michael P. FRANKIS  CONE  COLLECTION

Juniperus

Taxodiaceae
other Cupressaceae
Chamaecyparis
Juniperus
Thuja
  Abies
Tsuga
other Pinaceae
Picea
Picea 2
Pinus
Ducampopinus
Strobus
Pinus
Pseudotsuga
Click on the photos to view them full size.
Subgenus Juniperus
Section Caryocedrus
Juniperus drupacea ¤
Juniperus drupacea Labill.
- Cones
Greece: Peloponnese: Arcadia Pref.
Slopes of Parnon Mountain, near Malevis monastery.
37° 20'N - 22° 25' E, 918m altitude
(M. P. Frankis, D. Maerki & O. Bobirenko)

Three cones showing variation in the density of the white wax coating, also one (lower left) with the wax removed to show the ground colour.

Below : (right) unusually large cone, 28mm.
(left) some cones have nine scales, rather than the usual six. Juniperus drupacea
Section Juniperus
Subsection Oxycedrus
Juniperus oxycedrus ¤
Juniperus oxycedrus L. subsp. oxycedrus
- Cones
Greece: Peloponnese: Arcadia Pref.
Slopes of Parnon Mountain, road to Sitena
37° 20' N - 22° 36' E; altitude : 1028m
(M. P. Frankis, D. Maerki & O. Bobirenko)
Juniperus cedrus ¤
Juniperus cedrus Webb & Berthelot
- Cones
Left & shoot : Canary Islands: Tenerife, Aguamansa
cultivated, re-introduced within deforested former native area
28 21' 30" N - 16 30' W; altitude : 1120m
Right : Canary Islands: Tenerife, La Fortaleza
28 19' N - 16 36' W; altitude : 2080m
(M. P. Frankis)
Subsection Juniperus
Juniperus communis communis ¤
Juniperus communis L. subsp. communis
- Medium needles, small cones
Erect shrub to 3m tall
Scotland: Spey Valley, Abernethy Forest
57° 14' N - 3° 38' W; altitude : 350m
(M. P. Frankis)
Juniperus communis communis ¤
Juniperus communis L. subsp. communis (?)
- Cones, very long needles 15-20 (-27) mm
Erect shrub to 3m tall
Bulgaria: lower slopes of Pirin Mts, near Bansko
41° 49' N - 23° 29' E; altitude : 1050m
(M. P. Frankis & A. Antonov)
Juniperus communis communis


Right : note cones 'buried', largely hidden among the long leaves.

Juniperus communis alpina ¤
Juniperus communis L. subsp. alpina (Suter) Celakovsky
- Short needles, big cones
Prostrate shrub to 0.6m high
Bulgaria: upper slopes of Pirin Mts, Samodivska Porta
41° 41' N - 23° 29' 30" E; altitude : 2400m
(M. P. Frankis)
Above : some plants have more ovoid cones.
Below : most cones globose; note cone at left has six scales, rather than the usual three.
Juniperus communis alpina


Right : note large cones tightly packed (almost like a bunch of grapes) and exposed outside the short leaves.

Juniperus communis alpina ¤
Juniperus communis L. subsp. alpina (Suter) Celakovsky
- Small cones
USA: Oregon: Lane Co., McKenzie Pass
44° 15' 20" - 121° 49' W; altitude : 1600m
Note small cones (stated by Flora N America to be always smaller than the leaf length), compared to European origins of subsp. alpina
(M. P. Frankis & R. Lovett)
Juniperus rigida ¤
Juniperus rigida Siebold & Zucarini
- Cones
cult. Bedgebury Pinetum, UK
(M. P. Frankis)
Juniperus conferta ¤
Juniperus conferta Parlatore
- Cones
cult. Bedgebury Pinetum, UK
(M. P. Frankis)
Subgenus Sabina
Juniperus phoenicea ¤
Juniperus phoenicea L.
- Cones
Greece: Corinth Pref.
Coast of Kechries Bay (Saronikos Gulf), near Aghios Theodori
37° 55' N - 23° 06' E; altitude : 15m
(M. P. Frankis, D. Maerki & O. Bobirenko)

Monoecious, with male and female cones on the same plant.

Photos : © Michael P. Frankis


November 2002
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